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黃粱夢

[日期:2010-05-07] 来源:  作者:未知 [字体: ]
《列仙全傳》記載呂祖的形象是:道骨仙風,鶴頂龜背,虎體龍腮,鳳眼朝天,雙眉入鬢,頸修顴露,額闊身圓,鼻梁聳直,面色白黃,左眉角一黑子,足底紋起如龜。少時聰明,日能記萬言,出口成章。身長八尺二寸,喜頂華陽巾,衣黃襴襯。可見,呂祖生就一副仙貌。
  呂祖從小飽讀詩書,滿肚子學同,出口成章,但幾舉進士而不第。呂祖學富五車。才高八斗,為什麼屢試不第呢?這就是所謂"仙文不入俗人眼,非是朱衣不點頭"。64歲時(一說46歲),呂祖又去赴試。在長安一酒肆中遇到一位道士,偶書三絕於壁,呂祖萬分詫異,但見道士狀貌奇古,詩意飄逸,仙味十足,便揖拜問其姓氏。道士呵呵一笑,道:"吾鍾離權,雲房其字也。君可吟一絕,予欲觀子之志。"呂祖當下即揮筆題時一首,曰:生在儒家遇太平,
          懸纓垂帶布衣輕。
          誰能世上爭名利,

          臣侍玉皇歸上清。
漢鍾離看罷,不禁喜上眉梢,歡悅之情不甚言表.於是邀呂祖在酒肆中同榻而臥。漢鍾離摯炊.親煮黃粱,呂祖在店中昏昏入睡。 
  在夢中,呂祖夢以舉子赴京,狀元及第。歷任台涑、翰苑、秘閣及指揮使,無不備歷。任要職近40年,後又任丞相10年。兩娶富貴家女為妻,生子婚嫁早畢,孫甥繞膝,簪笏滿門,權顯名赫,榮華富貴。偶因上殿應時差錯,被治重罪,抄沒家產,妻離子散,流放於岭表,一身孑然,勞苦憔悴,立風雨中,方興長嘆,忽然夢覺,黃粱飯尚未煮熱。
  這時,雲房先生漢鍾離笑吟道:黃粱猶未熟,一夢到華胥。
這就是說,高官厚祿,富貴榮華,只不過是轉瞬間的事。正所謂日中則要偏西,月滿就要虧缺。天地萬物都有一盈一虛,隨時間生長和消失,更何況人呢?所以,漢鍾離此句,即是要破除呂祖的功名利祿之心。呂祖頓時徹悟,乃拜漢鍾離為師,祈求度世之方。
  呂祖枕黃粱後.立即感悟,功名富貴,高官厚祿亦只是過眼煙雲,終非長久之計,唯保持一顆平常心,才是人生正道。他當即拜漢鍾離為師。

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